Medical Cannabis Laws in Iowa
- Throughout the 70s – failed decriminalization attempts
- 1979 – 1981 – a therapeutic research center is set up in Iowa to look at the potential benefits of medicinal cannabis.
- 2014 – legalization of CBD oil by Senate Bill 2360 (SB 2360) for children with intractable epilepsy.
Iowa Senate Bill 2360, Medical Cannabidiol Act, 2014 (expanded 2017) and the expansion to the act House File 2589, 2020
- 2017 expansion on the Iowa Medical CBD Program. Qualifying conditions now include cancer, chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s disease, Parkinson’s disease.
– The initial Act allowed for a maximum THC percentage of 3% in a product. This has been changed to a maximum of 4.5 g THC possession limit every 90 days.
– If the patient needs more THC to treat their condition, or if the patient is terminal, they can get an exemption on the limits on the amount of THC they can legally carry
– Smoking cannabis remains illegal in Iowa, even for medical marijuana patients.
– You must be aged 18 or over to qualify for the Iowa medical CBD program.
Telehealth for Cannabis in Iowa
Telehealth is legal for medical cannabis consultations in Iowa. You can see a compassionate and friendly medical marijuana physician online with Leafwell today.
Qualifying Conditions for Medical Cannabis Patients in Iowa
- AIDS or HIV
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- Cancer – if the illness or its treatment produces one or more of the following: severe or chronic pain, nausea or severe vomiting, cachexia or severe wasting.
- Chronic pain
- Corticobasal Degeneration
- Crohn’s disease
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS) with severe and persistent muscle spasms
- Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Severe, intractable autism with self-injurious or aggressive behaviors
- Ulcerative colitis
- Any terminal illness with a probable life expectancy of under one year – if the illness or its treatment produces one or more of the following: severe or chronic pain, nausea or severe vomiting, cachexia or severe wasting
Cannabis Laws and Children in Iowa
- Those aged under 18 can qualify for a medical marijuana card in Iowa if they have a caregiver. Caregivers must be aged 18 years-old or over. Parents, legal guardians, and anyone 18 years or older who is a resident of Iowa or a bordering state and has been designated by the patient as a caretaker can apply for a registration card allowing them to obtain medicinal cannabis and administer it to a patient.
Cannabis Possession Limits in Iowa
There are no specific weights given regarding cannabis possession. Iowa instead limits by the amount of THC that can be held every 90 days.
Only CBD and 3% or less of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is legal for serious medical conditions. CBD flower is not legal.
Patients are allowed to buy products containing up to 4.5 grams of total THC in a 90-day period. Treating physicians can recommend more THC for terminally ill patients or others who haven’t been helped enough by 4.5 grams per 90 days with a waiver form.
Approved products all come from one manufacturer and they are available in four different CBD to THC ratios:
Approved medical administration methods include:
- Nebulizable (used in a nebulizer, which converts liquid medication into a breathable mist)
- Topical forms
– Transdermal patches
- Vaporizable (Vapes)
Cannabis Cultivation Laws in Iowa
- Cannabis flower and home cultivation are illegal in Iowa.
Cannabis and Gun Laws in Iowa
As cannabis is federally illegal, those wanting to possess a medical cannabis certificate in Iowa may not be able to do so if they want to legally own firearms.
Cannabis and Employment Law in Iowa
- There are no specific laws in Iowa protecting medical cannabis patients.
- A positive test result for marijuana may allow the employer to discharge an employee.
- However, if an employee’s work is not affected and if the employee suffers from a debilitating disease/illness, an employee who tests positive for cannabis but complies with the medical marijuana law could support a common law wrongful discharge claim due to Iowa’s interpretation of the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Local Cannabis Laws in Iowa
There are no specific local laws regarding medical cannabis or CBD in Iowa as of yet. Attempts at decriminalization in Iowa have persistently failed, although attitudes have started to change more recently.