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Florida Cannabis Laws

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  • Medical Program

Possession limits

  • Medical Patients

    4 oz

  • Recreational Users


State taxes

  • Medical Patients


  • Recreational Users



  • Cultivation is illegal

Table of contents

  1. Medical Marijuana Laws in Florida
  2. What to Know About Medical Cannabis in Florida
  3. How Many Marijuana Plants Can You Grow in Florida?
  4. The Bottom Line

Medical cannabis is legal in Florida, but recreational marijuana use remains prohibited.

Former Governor Rick Scott signed Senate Bill 1030 into law in 2014, known as the Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act. This legislation legalized low-THC, high-CBD cannabis oil produced from the strain of cannabis known as Charlotte’s Web.

The Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative — Amendment 2 — was implemented in 2016 and legalized medical marijuana treatment in Florida.

A legislative session in June 2017 resulted in the passage of Senate Bill 8A, the Medical Use of Marijuana Act, which added guidelines for medical marijuana accessibility in the state. It also established the Florida Department of Health’s Office of Medical Marijuana Use (OMMU) and officially created the Florida Medical Marijuana Use Registry.

Medical Marijuana Laws in Florida

Patients with a physician’s recommendation or certified caregivers can obtain medical cannabis from state-licensed dispensaries. The Florida state government changed possession limits in an August 2022 emergency ruling.

The emergency ruling allows qualified physicians to issue up to three 70-day supply limits for marijuana and six 35-day supply limits for smokable cannabis products.

The equivalent daily dose and 70-day supply limits for approved routes of administration are:

Cannabis ProductDaily LimitMaximum Per 70- or 35-Day Period
Edibles60 mg THC4,200 mg THC per 70-day supply
Vapes350 mg THC24,500 mg THC per 70-day supply
Oral Capsules/Tinctures200 mg THC14,000 mg THC per 70-day supply
Sublingual Tinctures190 mg THC13,300 mg THC per 70-day supply
Suppositories195 mg THC13,650 mg THC per 70-day supply
Topical Creams150 mg THC10,500 mg THC per 70-day supply
Smokeable2.025 g4 ounces per 35-day period

Physicians may request an exception to the medical cannabis limits with the OMMU.

What to Know About Medical Cannabis in Florida

Only Certain Medical Conditions Qualify for Medical Cannabis

Florida law lists the following medical conditions as qualifiers for a medical cannabis card:

You may also become a qualified patient if:

  • A terminal condition is diagnosed by a physician other than the qualified physician issuing the physician certification.
  • You are diagnosed with chronic nonmalignant pain caused by a qualifying medical condition, or that originates from a qualifying medical condition and persists beyond the usual course of that qualifying medical condition.
  • You are diagnosed with medical conditions of the same kind or class as or comparable to those listed.

Telemedicine Is Allowed for MMJ Recertification

Florida’s medical marijuana program only allows telehealth consultations for patients who were previously certified by a Leafwell physician. Unfortunately, Leafwell cannot help first-time patients in the Sunshine State via our online medical platform.

Patients that are new to the medical marijuana program must obtain a recommendation from a qualified physician in person who is registered with the OMMU. Patients must apply for a Medical Marijuana Use Registry Identification Card through the OMMU after receiving a medical cannabis recommendation.

Patients must continue to meet medical standards for the qualification and be seen by their prescribing physician every 30 weeks.

No Medical Marijuana Reciprocity

Florida does not have medical marijuana reciprocity, meaning it doesn’t recognize medical marijuana cards from other states. Out-of-state patients must obtain a Florida medical marijuana card to use medical cannabis within the state legally.

That said, several other states and territories recognize a Florida medical marijuana card:

*Visitors must complete a visiting patient application with the state program.

States that have recreational cannabis for adults 21 and older but do not accept out-of-state cards include:

There Are Limitations on Where You Can Use Medical Cannabis

Medical cannabis patients cannot use marijuana in certain places, including:

  • On public transportation.
  • In state or federal government buildings.
  • While operating a vehicle, boat, plane, or other motorized vehicles.
  • At work, unless expressly permitted by the employer.

Using low-THC CBD products is allowed.

You can carry medical cannabis with you if you have a medical card, but you cannot use it publicly.

You Can’t Get a Gun Permit If You Have a Medical Card

Medical marijuana use prohibits you from obtaining a weapons permit in Florida, as the federal government considers medical marijuana as a Schedule 1 controlled substance, which is against federal law.

How Many Marijuana Plants Can You Grow in Florida?

It is illegal to grow cannabis in Florida, even with a valid medical marijuana card. Patients must purchase medical cannabis from a licensed Florida Medical Marijuana Treatment Center (dispensary).

The Bottom Line

While medical marijuana is legal in Florida for qualified patients with specific conditions, recreational use remains illegal. Cultivating cannabis at home is prohibited, even for medical marijuana patients. It’s essential to stay informed about Florida’s marijuana laws and the potential consequences of breaking them to ensure you’re using cannabis responsibly and legally.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Can I be/have a caregiver for a medical marijuana patient in Florida?

Yes, medical marijuana patients in Florida can have a caregiver. Caregivers will complete their own application form and must also be listed on the patient’s application form. Caregivers and patients must renew their physician certification 45 days prior to the card expiration date.

Caregiver Requirements:

  • Be a Florida resident and 21 years of age or older.
  • Not be a qualified physician.
  • Not be employed by or have economic interest in Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers (MMTCs) or a Certified Marijuana Testing Laboratory (CMTL).
  • Successfully complete the caregiver certification course within the Medical Marijuana Use Registry every 2 years.
  • Pass a background screening, unless the medical marijuana patient is a close relative of the caregiver.
    • After June 12, 2023, all NON-CLOSE RELATIVES applying for a caregiver Medical Marijuana Use Registry identification card must complete a level 2 background screening. More information can be found here.
  • Be registered to no more than one qualified patient, unless:
    • The caregiver is a parent or legal guardian of more than one minor who is a qualified patient.
    • The caregiver is a parent or legal guardian of more than one adult who is a qualified patient and who has an intellectual or developmental disability that prevents the patient from being able to protect or care for himself or herself without assistance or supervision.
    • All qualified patients the caregiver has agreed to assist are admitted to a hospice program and have requested the assistance of that caregiver with the medical use of marijuana; the caregiver is an employee of the hospice; and the caregiver provides personal care or other services directly to clients of the hospice in the scope of that employment.
    • All qualified patients the caregiver has agreed to assist are participating in a research program in a teaching nursing home pursuant to s. 1004.4351, Florida Statutes.

Here’s how to apply as a caregiver:

  • Retrieve your login credentials for the Medical Marijuana Use Registry from your email.
  • Access the “Your Card” page in the Medical Marijuana Use Registry to complete your online application.
  • Supply all necessary documentation and submit your payment information for the $75 processing fee, plus a $2.75 convenience fee.
  • Once your application is approved, you will be sent a Medical Marijuana Registry ID card. You can check the status of your application while it is under review.

State Resources:

Please note: At the moment, we can only renew existing a medical marijuana patient previously approved with Leafwell via telehealth and not process initial applications.

Is a Florida Medical Marijuana Card valid in other states?

Some states recognize out-of-state medical marijuana cards, allowing non-resident patients to purchase medicine. This is called medical marijuana reciprocity.

The following states and territories accept out-of-state medical cannabis cards, including a Florida medical marijuana card:

*Visitors must complete a visiting patient application with the state program.

States that have recreational cannabis for adults 21 and older but do not accept out-of-state cards include:

How do I apply for the state program in Florida?

Have the following ready before you begin your application:

  • Photo ID The Registry is connected to the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles’ (FLHSMV) demographic database. If there is a match to the information in your profile, your Florida ID card or driver’s license photo can be automatically added to your application and approved.
  • Proof of Residency Documentation
  • $75 payment fee (Plus $2.75 convenience fee)

How do I apply for the state program in Florida?

  • After your appointment with a Leafwell physician, you will receive 2x emails with the subject line “Medical Marijuana Use Registry New User Account” (here’s a walkthrough for step 1).
    • One email contains your username (your email address).
    • The second email contains a temporary password – these passwords are case-sensitive.
    • Click the link in the email to log into the Medical Marijuana Use Registry https://mmuregistry.flhealth.gov/.
    • Click login in the top left and then enter your email, and password and click the login button.
    • Type the temporary password into the ‘current password’ box, then set your own.
    • Once this is done, you will be automatically redirected to your registry homepage.
  • Click on “Your Card” and then click “Begin Initial Application.”
  • Click “Supply a Photo” to supply either your State ID photo or a passport-style photo to your application.
    • Clicking “Check My State ID” will upload your driver’s license photo from the Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (FLHSMV) demographic database.
    • Clicking “Supply My Own” will allow you to upload your own photo from your device. (Using the FLHSMV sourced data will automatically approve the photo and may cut down on processing time, while supplying your own photo may increase the processing time.)
  • Scroll down to the “Proof of Residence” section and click “Check State Residency Status” to obtain your Driver’s License or Florida State ID from FLHSMV, or click “Supply My Own” to supply your own proof of residency document.
  • Review all data to make sure it is accurate. Then click “Apply.”
  • Electronically sign your application and click “Submit My Card Application.”
  • Pay the application fee.
  • Click “Print for your Records” to print the payment confirmation for your records.
  • The entire application review process takes a total of 10 business days from the date of submission. Once the application is approved, you will receive an electronic temporary card to use while the physical official card is printed. The official card will be mailed to you within five business days.

Qualify for Cannabis

If you live in a state with a medical program you could qualify for cannabis. Speak to a physician today to qualify and learn how cannabis can help you.