14 Minor Cannabinoids to Have on Your Radar

Tina Magrabi
Tina Magrabi - Content Writer

Nov 30 2021 - 4 min read

You might know that THC makes you high and that CBD can ease anxiety. But did you know that there are more than a dozen other naturally occurring cannabinoids in the cannabis plant? THC and CBD are the major cannabinoids, but the minor cannabinoids play a pivotal role in healing the body and stimulating the mind.

Here, we take an in-depth peek into 14 minor cannabinoids that occur in lower concentrations than THC and CBD in the cannabis plant. The cannabinoids we’re looking at are: 

    • Cannabichromene (CBC)
    • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
    • Cannabigerol (CBG)
    • Cannabinol (CBN)
    • Tetrahydrocannabiphorol (THCP)
    • Tetrahydrocannabutol (THCB)
    • Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
    • Cannabielsoin (CBE)
    • Cannabicyclol (CBL)
    • Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)
    • Cannabivarin (CBV)
    • Cannabicitran (CRM, CBT or CBM)
    • Cannabitriol (CBT C5)
    • Cannabigerol Monomethyl Ether (CBGM)

Many of these cannabinoids remain cloaked in mystery to scientists. The further we proceed down the list, the less is currently understood about how these cannabinoids function in the human body. 

Download Free Guide to CBD
Download Free Guide to THC

Cannabichromene (CBC)

How It Works in the Body

Cannabichromene (CBC) is the third most prominent cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, behind CBD and THC. CBC is a potent anti-inflammatory and could be more beneficial than CBD as an antidepressant. In contrast, CBC does not produce a euphoric high like THC and is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBC does, however, bind with certain cannabinoid receptors in the human body, including receptors linked to pain perception.

Benefits

CBC may be up to 10 times more potent than CBD for treating stress and anxiety and has significant anti-inflammatory, pain-reducing, antiviral, anti-tumor, and bone-growth-stimulating properties.

Strains High in CBC

    • Maui Dream
    • Blue Cherry Soda
    • Charlotte’s Web
Download Free Guide to CBC

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

How It Works in the Body

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) has both non-psychoactive effects and psychoactive effects, depending on the dosage. Low doses of THCV have an anti-psychoactive effect; larger doses have a psychoactive effect.

Benefits

THCV may be useful for reducing appetite and managing weight. This minor cannabinoid appears to positively affect insulin resistance, which could make it a useful tool in preventing or treating diabetes. Finally, this cannabinoid has demonstrated anti-inflammatory properties in animal studies.  

Strains High in THCV 

    • Girl Scout Cookies
    • Pineapple Purps
    • Dutch Treat
Download Free Guide to THCV

Cannabigerol (CBG)

How It Works in the Body

Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that may nonetheless exert psychoactive effects. CBG can boost anandamide (the bliss chemical) without psychoactive effects, and it could be a mellower alternative or addition to THC.

Benefits

Science has shown that CBG has therapeutic potential for chronic pain, neurogenetic disorders, multiple sclerosis, irritable bowel disease (IBD), Huntington’s disease, and glaucoma. 

Strains High in CBG

    • Jack Frost CBG
    • Matterhorn CBG
    • Lemon Cream Diesel CBG
Download Free Guide to CBG

Cannabinol (CBN)

How It Works in the Body

Dubbed the sleepy cannabinoid, cannabinol (CBN) has sedative effects and may help people with insomnia. CBN is also an appetite stimulant with potent antibacterial properties.  

Benefits

CBN may be useful for treating respiratory distress related to asthma and allergies. Furthermore, studies have shown CBN to help manage autoimmune conditions like Crohn’s disease. 

Strains High in CBN

    • Bubble Gum
    • Purple Cadillac
    • Super Green Crack
Download Free Guide to CBN

Tetrahydrocannabiphorol (THCP)

Benefits

THCP has shown promise in decreasing nausea and pain, making it a potential therapeutic complement for people with cancer. 

Strains High in THCP

    • FM2

Tetrahydrocannabutol (THCB)

A group of Italian scientists discovered tetrahydrocannabutol and two other new cannabinoids in 2020. THCB is a very new cannabinoid discovery and is not well-understood yet. 

Cannabidivarin (CBDV)

How It Works in the Body

CBDV is considered a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is found mainly in indica strains

Benefits

Like CBD, which is the basis for the epilepsy medication Epidiolex, CBDV may also reduce seizure frequency and severity. Treating nausea and inflammation are two other promising benefits of this minor cannabinoid. 

Strains High in CBDV

    • Forbidden V (or Forbidden Fruit)
    • Pine Walker
    • Painkiller XL

Cannabielsoin (CBE)

CBE is derived from CBD and may offer many of the same benefits. The cannabinoid works in tandem with CBD, other cannabinoids, and flavonoids to activate the entourage effect. 

Cannabicyclol (CBL)

CBL is found in extremely low levels in cannabis and is poorly understood. Most cannabis strains contain only trace amounts of CBL, if any at all. One study conducted in New Zealand found that CBL caused convulsions in rabbits, and it is unclear whether it could have the same troubling effect on humans.  

Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)

CBCV has similar properties to CBC and may treat insomnia, epilepsy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and a spectrum of other conditions. 

Cannabivarin (CBV)

CBV is another obscure cannabinoid that scientists have not adequately probed. Benefits may include treating mood disorders and improving sleep, but concrete evidence is lacking. 

Cannabicitran (CRM, CBT or CBM)

CBT is found in cannabis strains with high levels of CBD and low levels of THC. Like other minor cannabinoids, CBT may help people with glaucoma by reducing intraocular pressure (pressure in the eye). 

Cannabitriol (CBT C5)

CBT C5 is a type of CBT found either in low concentrations in the cannabis or completely absent. The chemical structure of CBT C5 is similar to that of THC, but this minor cannabinoid’s possible psychoactive effects are presently unclear. 

Cannabigerol Monomethyl Ether (CBGM)

Discovered in Japan in 1968, CBGM may have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects. The one known cannabis strain to contain CBGM in measurable quantities is Minamiashihara #1. This strain is the one that led Japanese scientists to discover CBGM in the 1960s. 

The Bottom Line on the Minor Cannabinoids

Even though many minor cannabinoids are often grouped with the big six cannabinoids, small changes in a cannabinoid’s structure can cause vastly different physiological effects. They are also usually present in much smaller amounts than other cannabinoids. They often come as a package with them, making it even more challenging to separate them and understand their effects on the human body.

However, there is much interest in these smaller cannabinoid groups for their unique effects (when they have them in the first instance). Expect to see a more significant number of varieties in the future with richer concentrations of these minor cannabinoids.

Apply for a medical marijuana card to experience the potential benefits of the major and minor cannabinoids. Leafwell’s virtual clinic is open, and we’re here to help you quickly apply for your medical cannabis card online. 

Written by
Tina Magrabi
Tina Magrabi

Tina Magrabi is a writer and editor specializing in holistic health. She has written hundreds of articles for Weedmaps where she spearheaded the Ailments series on cannabis medicine. In addition, she has written extensively for the women's health blog, SafeBirthProject, as well as print publications including Destinations Magazine and Vero's Voice. Tina is a Yale University alumna and certified yoga instructor with a passion for the outdoors.

See A Leafwell Physician Today

Get approved for medical marijuana online from a licensed physician. Only pay if you are approved.

Get Started
Leafwell medical marijuana card

Not Sure If Cannabis Can Help You?

Let us know what you are looking to use medical cannabis for, and we will point you in the right direction.

Contact our support